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How Much Can You Sue for a Dog Attack?

If you or your child has recently suffered injuries in a dog bite or attack, the emotional and physical toll can be overwhelming. Questions about potential compensation may arise, leading you to consider legal action. It’s essential to recognize that while you have the right to pursue a lawsuit for various reasons, the success of your claim and the potential compensation aren’t guaranteed.

Keep in mind that many cases related to dog bites and attacks are resolved through out-of-court settlements, sparing the injured party from the formal process of filing a lawsuit against the dog’s owner in Denver. To understand the potential worth of your dog attack claim and assess the likelihood of an out-of-court settlement, it’s best to consult with a qualified dog bite attorney. They can clarify the legal aspects of your case, offering guidance on the potential outcomes and appropriate steps to take.

Dog Attack Injuries

In the U.S., approximately 69 million households own dogs, according to the American Pet Products Association’s 2021-2022 Pet Owners Survey. The American Veterinary Medical Association reports that nearly 85 million dogs live in U.S. households. While dogs are commonly considered companions, they also present risks, with about 4.5 million people being bitten by dogs each year, with children being the most affected.

In a dog bite attack, injuries can vary widely. Since dogs primarily use their teeth and often target specific areas like the face, head, hands, arms, and legs, facial injuries are particularly common. Additionally, the following injuries are common:

  • Scarring, Lacerations, and Cuts: Scarring from dog bites can range from superficial marks to deep, permanent disfigurements. Lacerations and cuts may require sutures or surgical intervention for proper healing.
  • Nerve Damage: Dog bites can result in nerve injuries, causing pain, numbness, weakness, or even loss of function. Severe cases may require surgical repair or nerve grafts.
  • Crush Injuries to Bones: Significant force during a dog bite can lead to crushing injuries in bones, potentially causing fractures and necessitating extensive reconstructive surgery.
  • Infection of Bite Wounds: Dog bites can introduce bacteria, causing severe infections like Rabies, Capnocytophaga, Pasteurella, MRSA, and Tetanus. Immediate medical attention and antibiotics are crucial.
  • Fractures, Broken Bones, and Dislocations: The force of a dog bite can result in fractures, breaks, or dislocations, often requiring surgical intervention, immobilization, and rehabilitation.
  • Loss of Eye(s) or Limbs: Severe dog attacks can lead to traumatic injuries, including the loss of eyesight or limbs, requiring ongoing medical care, rehabilitation, and psychological support.
  • Tendon Damage: Dog bites can injure tendons, affecting joint function and mobility, often requiring surgical intervention and prolonged rehabilitation.
  • Head Trauma: Forceful dog bites to the head can lead to head injuries, ranging from concussions to severe traumatic brain injuries, requiring medical management or neurosurgery.
  • Muscle Sprains and Strains: The force of a dog bite can cause muscle injuries, resulting in pain, swelling, and limited range of motion, often necessitating physical therapy and rehabilitation.
  • Puncture Wounds: Puncture wounds from dog bites can be deceptive, leading to deep tissue damage, infection, and potential complications if not adequately treated.
  • Permanent Scarring: Dog bite injuries often result in permanent scars, impacting the victim emotionally and psychologically.
  • Disfigurement: Severe dog bite injuries can lead to disfigurement, requiring reconstructive surgery and long-term emotional support.
  • Amputation and Avulsion Injuries: Extreme dog attacks may result in traumatic injuries requiring amputation or tearing away of tissue.
  • Soft Tissue Damage: Dog bites can cause extensive damage to soft tissues, including muscles, ligaments, and blood vessels, requiring repair and rehabilitation.
  • Severe Emotional Distress: Dog bite victims often experience profound emotional distress, including anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), necessitating therapy and counseling for recovery.

Many of these injuries can result in permanent disfigurement, and the emotional trauma from a dog bite attack can have lasting and far-reaching effects. In cases where bite wounds become severely infected, complications may lead to permanent health issues or, in extreme cases, even be fatal. Seeking proper medical attention and legal counsel is imperative to address these potentially life-altering consequences.

The Settlement Process for Dog Bite Injuries

Understanding the process of settlements for dog bites and attacks is crucial for victims seeking compensation. Here’s a breakdown of how it generally works:

Basis of the Legal Claim for Compensation

Experience Lawyer for Dog InjuryDog bite victims have the right to pursue a legal claim against the dog owner for compensation. The specific rules governing liability may vary by state. Some states follow a “one bite” rule, where owners are only accountable if they have prior knowledge of their dog’s aggression and are negligent in preventing an attack. In contrast, strict liability states hold owners responsible regardless of their prior knowledge or negligence.

Options for Resolution

Victims have two primary options for seeking compensation: they can file a lawsuit and go to trial or seek an out-of-court settlement. The choice often depends on individual circumstances and preferences.

The Role of Insurance

Typically, the homeowner’s, renter’s, or other property liability insurance of the dog owner covers damages resulting from a dog bite, provided the owner has liability coverage. The insurance company will assess the situation and may extend a settlement offer if they anticipate liability under state laws.

Settlement Offer and Negotiation

The insurer will propose a specific amount of compensation to the victim in exchange for the victim giving up their rights to any further claims. This offer aims to avoid the complexities, stress, and uncertainties associated with court proceedings and to give the insurance company more control over the outcome. The negotiation process involves discussions between the victim’s legal representation and the insurer to reach a mutually agreeable settlement amount that adequately compensates the victim for their injuries and damages.

Factors Influencing Settlement Acceptance

Dog bite victims typically consider accepting a settlement offer due to various factors, including the desire to avoid the emotional stress and time commitment associated with a trial. Similarly, insurance companies prefer settlements over going to trial to know the amount they must pay without undergoing a costly and uncertain trial process.

Legal Representation

Reliable legal representation is imperative throughout the dog bite settlement process. An attorney plays a vital role in assessing the fairness of the settlement offer, negotiating on behalf of the victim, and ensuring the protection of their rights.

Finalizing the Settlement

Once all parties agree on the settlement offer, the process proceeds to finalize the agreement. This involves the creation of legal documents detailing the terms and conditions of the settlement. After the settlement is final, the insurance company disburses the agreed-upon compensation to the victim. This financial support is crucial for addressing recovery needs, medical expenses, and any other applicable damages.

Understanding these key steps in the dog bite settlement process can empower victims to make informed decisions about pursuing compensation and choosing the most suitable resolution path for their unique situation.

It’s essential to acknowledge that while these steps offer a general overview, each dog bite case is unique, and the process may vary based on specific circumstances and applicable state laws. Seeking legal advice from a skilled attorney is paramount for navigating the complexities of a dog bite claim.

Variables Influencing Dog Bite Settlement Amounts

While it is essential for every dog bite victim to receive compensation for their suffering, numerous factors come into play, resulting in a wide range of settlement amounts for such cases. The following are variables significantly impact the potential amount of your dog attack settlement:

Insurance Coverage

Typically, homeowners, renters, or other property insurance covers losses resulting from dog bites. However, the payout must be within the policy’s liability coverage limits. In cases where the dog owner lacks adequate insurance or is uninsured altogether, it can limit the available funds to compensate the victim. This situation may necessitate the victim seeking compensation directly from the dog owner, who might have limited financial resources. In these cases, it’s advisable to have an experienced dog attack attorney on your side to determine all potential sources of compensation.


Dog owners are held liable only as per the laws of their respective states. In “one-bite” states, where owners are absolved of accountability without proof of negligence, establishing your right to damages can be more challenging. Clear liability makes insurers more inclined to offer a generous settlement as they recognize the potential likelihood of an adverse court ruling.

Severity of Injuries

The extent of your injuries is a significant factor in determining the compensation for a dog bite. Settlements for minor dog bites are typically lower, reflecting the less severe nature of the injuries. On the other hand, incidents involving significant bites, particularly in sensitive areas like the face, involve more serious, traumatic, and costly implications.

Understanding these key variables is essential for dog bite victims and their legal representation to evaluate and negotiate a fair and appropriate settlement amount that adequately compensates for the specific circumstances and impact of the incident.

Financial Loss

The extent of your financial losses is a crucial factor significantly influencing the settlement amount. A full and fair settlement should address all financial losses incurred, including economic and non-economic damages.

For instance, if your injuries result in an inability to work and require extensive and costly plastic surgery, the compensation needed to make you whole will understandably be greater compared to someone with less severe injuries who returns to work quickly without the need for extensive medical intervention.

Considering all these factors, hiring a skilled dog bite attorney is essential. They can navigate the ins and outs of your case to secure the compensation you rightfully deserve after a dog bite incident, ensuring that your financial losses are thoroughly addressed in the settlement process.

Compensable Damages in a Dog Bite Case

In a legal context, “damages” refer to the monetary compensation awarded to a party in a civil lawsuit or through a settlement as a remedy for the harm, loss, or injury they have suffered due to the wrongful conduct of another party. Damages provide financial relief to the injured party and help them recover from the consequences of the wrongdoing.

Medical Expenses

The cost of medical treatment directly related to the dog bite is crucial in assessing the case’s value, including expenses for emergency care, hospitalization, surgical procedures, medications, rehabilitation, and any potential future medical costs stemming from the injury.

Lost Wages and Income

Should the dog bite lead to missed work or an impact on your earning capacity, you may be eligible for compensation covering both the income already lost and any potential future earnings affected by the injury.

Pain and Suffering

Non-economic damages, including physical pain, emotional distress, humiliation, loss of life’s enjoyment, and mental anguish resulting from the dog bite, contribute significantly to the claim’s value. The severity, long-term repercussions, and psychological toll on your life are critical in determining the appropriate compensation for pain and suffering.

Understanding these compensable damages is crucial for assessing the full extent of the harm caused by a dog attack and pursuing a fair and comprehensive compensation package through legal proceedings or settlement negotiations. A skilled dog attack attorney can assist in navigating these complexities to ensure that all relevant damages are appropriately considered in the pursuit of justice.

Scarring and Disfigurement

In instances where a dog bite leads to permanent scarring or disfigurement, the visibility and extent of the scars become pivotal factors in the case’s valuation. Noticeable scarring or disfigurement typically results in a higher compensation.

Permanent Impairment or Disability

If the dog bites results in a lasting impairment or disability that interferes with your ability to carry out daily activities, work, or derive enjoyment from life, it can significantly increase your case value.

Consult a Dog Bite Lawyer Today

The specific types and availability of damages will vary depending on the jurisdiction and the nature of the legal claim. In any legal case, the awarded damages aim to restore the injured party to a position as close as possible to the one they were in before the wrongful act occurred.

These considerations play a critical role in determining the full and fair compensation you may be entitled to after suffering a dog bite attack. Consult a Denver personal injury lawyer today to begin the process of financial recovery.

Lauren Varner, Personal Injury Attorney

Lauren is a Personal Injury Attorney. She is Colorado native who became involved with the field of personal injury long before she became an attorney. Lauren’s professional philosophy centers around good old fashioned hard work, producing quality work product, and treating others professionally, with dignity and respect at all times.

Awards and as featured on

National Trial Lawyers Top 40 Under 40 Included in TOP 40 Under 40 by The National TRIAL Lawyers in Centennial CO Varner Faddis Top Lawyers Denver Badge – 5280 Magazine American Institute of Personal Injury Attorneys 10 Best Attorney Top 40 Under 40 5280 Denver Top Lawyers