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How to File a Diminished Value Claim

When your vehicle is in an accident, its value may significantly diminish even after repairs. This reduction in value is called diminished value, and you may recover compensation for this loss. Filing a diminished value claim requires the proper knowledge and approach. An experienced car accident attorney can file a successful diminished value claim, ensuring you recover the financial loss from your vehicle’s reduced worth.

What Is Diminished Value?

When an insurance carrier totals a vehicle after an accident, it usually pays property damage compensation based on its value right before the crash. On the other hand, if the vehicle isn’t totaled and you can repair it, then the insurance carrier should pay for the repairs.

How to File a Diminished Value Claim

What many people don’t think of is a diminished value claim. If vehicle repairs are possible, the owner should receive additional compensation because it is no longer worth what it was immediately before the crash.

Diminished value refers to the decrease in your vehicle’s market value after an accident and subsequent repair. Even if repair shops did an expert job, potential buyers may still perceive the vehicle as less valuable.

Types of Diminished Value:

Three main types of diminished value apply to these claims:

Immediate Diminished Value

Immediate diminished value refers to the reduction in a vehicle’s value right after it has been in an accident. Potential future buyers will likely perceive the car as less valuable immediately after the collision, even if it underwent repairs to restore the car to its pre-accident condition. The accident’s impact on the vehicle’s history leads to decreased market value.

For example, if a car with a pre-accident value of $20,000 is in a significant accident, its immediate diminished value can decline by $4,000, resulting in a post-accident value of $16,000.

Inherent Diminished Value

Inherent diminished value, sometimes referred to as inherent diminution of value, is the perceived loss in value that remains after the vehicle repairs are complete. Despite the best repairs, the vehicle’s accident history becomes part of its permanent record (such as on reports like CARFAX). Potential buyers may still be hesitant to pay the same amount they will for a similar vehicle with no accident history.

The inherent diminished value accounts for factors such as:

  • The severity of the accident
  • Quality of the repairs
  • Make and model of the vehicle

Luxury and high-end vehicles, for example, may experience more significant inherent diminished value compared to standard vehicles.

For instance, if a luxury car with a pre-accident value of $50,000 is in an accident and repaired, it may diminish in value by $10,000, leading to a post-repair value of $40,000.

Repair-Related Diminished Value:

Repair-related diminished value is the decrease in a vehicle’s value caused by subpar or incomplete repairs. Suppose the repairs weren’t up to industry standards. In that case, future buyers may refuse to pay the pre-accident value for the vehicle.

Repair-related diminished value directly relates to the quality of the repairs rather than the accident history itself.

For instance, if a vehicle with a pre-accident value of $15,000 had poor repairs, resulting in visible paint overspray and misaligned panels, it may experience a repair-related diminished value of $2,500, leading to a post-repair value of $12,500.

Overall, combining these three types of diminished value can significantly affect a vehicle’s market value after an accident, so vehicle owners should consider pursuing a diminished value claim to seek fair compensation for their financial losses.

Determining Eligibility for a Diminished Value Claim

One of the primary requirements for filing a diminished value claim is establishing liability. You must prove that someone else was at fault for the accident. Otherwise, you may not qualify for a diminished value claim.

To pursue a diminished value claim, determine if the at-fault party has liability insurance covering property damage. If the at-fault driver is uninsured or underinsured, your uninsured motorist coverage may come into play.

You should also review your insurance policy to determine if it covers diminished value claims. Some policies may exclude diminished value or have specific limitations on the compensation amount. If your policy doesn’t cover diminished value or the settlement offered won’t cover it, you may need to pursue a claim directly against the at-fault party’s insurance.

Your state’s laws and regulations may govern diminished value claims, as statutes of limitations or the legal deadlines for filing these types of claims may vary. Failing to file within the required timeframe can result in losing your right to pursue compensation.

Documenting Diminished Value

Determining and proving your diminished value claim involves several steps. First, obtain an accurate assessment of your vehicle’s value before the accident. You can use professional appraisals, online valuation tools, or market research.

After your vehicle receives the necessary repairs, take it for another assessment to determine its post-repair value. You may also consider obtaining multiple appraisals to establish an average value.

Next, conduct a comparative market analysis by researching similar vehicles with accident histories in your local market. This data can support your claim by demonstrating the impact of diminished value on vehicle resale prices.

Evidence Supporting Diminished Value Claims

You must prepare evidence to support your diminished value claim. You may not know what the insurance company will need or request, so hire an experienced attorney.

Ideally, you should compile:

  • Repair documentation – Obtain all documentation related to the repairs, including receipts, invoices, and repair shop estimates. This evidence proves that your vehicle had proper repairs after the accident.
  • Expert appraisals – Engage the services of a qualified and experienced diminished value appraiser who can provide an objective assessment of your vehicle’s diminished value.

Filing the Diminished Value Claim

Your attorney will draft a clear and concise demand letter to the at-fault party’s insurance company. The letter will include details about the accident, repairs, and the diminished value amount you are seeking. Your attorney will also attach supporting evidence, such as repair documentation and expert appraisals.

After sending the letter and supporting evidence, your attorney will follow up to ensure the insurance company receives your claim and keep track of any correspondence.

Once received, the insurance company’s adjuster will review your claim and may counter your initial demand. Your lawyer can negotiate with the adjuster for a fair settlement and help you decide if the insurance company is giving you a fair offer for your claim.

If negotiations with the insurance company stall or fall through, you can consider mediation or arbitration as alternative dispute resolution methods. These processes can facilitate a resolution without going to court, and your attorney can still provide representation for them.

Litigation as a Last Resort

If all negotiation attempts fail, you may consider filing a lawsuit against the at-fault party to recover your diminished value losses. If you haven’t already, contact an attorney to determine if this course of action is best for your situation. Some diminished value claims are worth pursuing in court, and some aren’t. You don’t want to risk losing more money if you don’t have a good chance of receiving compensation.

Accepting the Diminished Value Settlement

Suppose you decide to accept the insurance company’s settlement offer. In that case, you and your attorney will review the terms and conditions carefully. You will want to be sure that the settlement adequately compensates you for your vehicle’s diminished value. If the settlement offer satisfies you, you will sign the release provided by the insurance company. This document acknowledges that you accept the settlement and waive any future claims related to the accident.

How an Attorney Can Help With Your Diminished Value Claim

Hiring an experienced attorney to assist with your diminished vehicle value claim can be highly beneficial in several ways. A skilled attorney can navigate the complexities of the claims process, gather compelling evidence, negotiate with insurance companies, and advocate for your rights to ensure you receive fair compensation for your vehicle’s diminished value.

Here’s how an attorney can help with your diminished vehicle value claim:

  • Knowledge of diminished value laws and regulations – An attorney who handles personal injury and property damage claims will have in-depth knowledge of the laws and regulations related to diminished value in your state. They can guide you on the applicable statutes of limitations, insurance requirements, and legal requirements for filing a successful claim.
  • Evidence gathering and documentation – Proving diminished value requires extensive evidence, including pre-accident and post-repair vehicle appraisals, market research, comparative analysis, and repair documentation. An attorney can assist in gathering, organizing, and presenting this evidence effectively, strengthening your claim and supporting your demand for fair compensation.
  • Expert appraisals and witnesses – Attorneys often have access to expert appraisers who specialize in assessing diminished value claims. These experts can provide objective and credible assessments of your vehicle’s diminished value, which can carry significant weight during negotiations or in court.
  • Negotiation skills – Insurance companies frequently undervalue your claim or offer inadequate settlements. An attorney with experience in negotiating property damage claims can skillfully handle discussions with insurance adjusters, ensuring you are not taken advantage of and that they treat you fairly under your state’s laws.
  • Mitigating mistakes and errors – Mistakes or errors can jeopardize your chances of receiving fair compensation. An attorney can guide you through the process, help you avoid pitfalls, and ensure all necessary paperwork is filed correctly and on time.
  • Handling litigation, if necessary – If negotiations with the insurance company don’t result in a satisfactory settlement, an attorney can take the case to court and represent you in litigation. A seasoned attorney will know courtroom procedures and can present your case persuasively before a judge or jury.
  • Stress reduction – Dealing with an accident, property damage, and insurance claims can overwhelm claimants with experience in these areas. Having an attorney handle the legal aspects of your diminished value claim lets you focus on your recovery and well-being, knowing that your legal rights are protected.
  • Maximizing compensation – An experienced attorney will maximize your compensation for your vehicle’s diminished value. They will work diligently to recover fair compensation for the financial loss caused by the accident.

Engage an attorney to assist with your diminished vehicle value claim. They possess the legal knowledge, negotiation skills, and resources to build a strong case on your behalf, ensuring you receive the compensation you deserve for the diminished value of your vehicle. By partnering with an attorney, you can confidently navigate the claims process and increase the likelihood of a successful outcome.

Get Legal Help Filing Your Diminished Value Claim Today

Filing a diminished value claim requires thorough preparation, documentation, and negotiation skills. By understanding the process, hiring a knowledgeable attorney, and diligently gathering evidence, you can strengthen your claim and increase the likelihood of receiving fair compensation for your vehicle’s diminished value.

An experienced personal injury attorney can navigate complex legal matters and protect your rights. An attorney can seek proper compensation for all your losses, both stemming from property damage and physical injuries. They will identify all your losses and fight for full financial recovery from relevant insurance companies.

Lauren Varner, Personal Injury Attorney

Lauren is a Personal Injury Attorney. She is Colorado native who became involved with the field of personal injury long before she became an attorney. Lauren’s professional philosophy centers around good old fashioned hard work, producing quality work product, and treating others professionally, with dignity and respect at all times.

Awards and as featured on

National Trial Lawyers Top 40 Under 40 Included in TOP 40 Under 40 by The National TRIAL Lawyers in Centennial CO Varner Faddis Top Lawyers Denver Badge – 5280 Magazine American Institute of Personal Injury Attorneys 10 Best Attorney Top 40 Under 40 5280 Denver Top Lawyers